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Marie Smith, eventually known as Madame Selika,moved with her family from Natchez, Mississippi, to Cincinnati, Ohio, soon after birthHer beautiful voice was discovered in childhood, and a wealthy family funded her music educationAs a young adult, she moved to San Francisco to study music with Signora G. Bianchi and debuted as a concert soprano  

In the 1870s, Smith moved to Chicago, where Antonio Farini developed her coloratura soprano voice and taught her the Italian singing method. There she also met a fellow student Sampson Williams, an operatic baritone whom she would later marry.  

 

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Marie Williams
Marie Williams adopted the stage name “Madame Selika – Photo from Wikipedia

In 1878Williams became the first Black artist to perform at the White Housebeing introduced by Frederick Douglass and singing for President  Rutherford B. Hayes and First Lady Lucy Webb Hayes. Her rendition of E. W. Mulder’s “Polka Staccato earned her the nickname the “Queen of Staccato.” 

Williams continued to perform in the United States and adopted the stage name Madame Selika,” believed to be from the character Sélika in Giacomo Meyerbeer’s operaL’Africaine 

 

Related Article: The History of African Americans in Cincinnati

 

Madame Selika
Madame Selika, First Black artist to perform at the White House – Photo from Racing Nellie Bly

From 1882 to 1885, Madame Selika toured Europe with her husband, who took the stage name “Signor Velosko (the Hawaiian tenor)” and even performed for Queen Victoria. The Williams’ then toured around the world before settling in Cleveland.  

Despite her reputation and talent, Madame Selika had difficulty obtaining quality management and was known to organize her tours and concerts. Between 1885 to 1891, the couple opened a music studio in Cleveland and toured the United States performing primarily for all-Black audiences. 

 

 

Related Article: Loretta C. Manggrum, first African American to receive a degree from CCM 

 

In 1896, Madame Selika joined fellow Black singers Flora Batson and Sissieretta Jones for a historic performance at Carnegie Hall. After her husband died in 1911, Williams gave private lessons and taught at the Martin-Smith Music School in New York City.  

Her legacy remains as the most recognized and lauded African American woman singer of the late 19th century. Blacks would not be welcomed to the American operatic stage until the 1930s. 

 

Sources:

19th Century Black Cincinnatians you should know | Cincinnati & Hamilton County Public Library (cincinnatilibrary.org) 
Marie Selika Williams – Wikipedia 
Marie Selika Williams Gave White House Recital – Racing Nellie Bly-Famous women in history 
First African American to perform at the White House – Media Diversified
Vocalist Marie Selika Williams born – African American Registry (aaregistry.org) 

 

The First 28, graciously sponsored by the Greater Cincinnati Foundation, celebrates Black Cincinnatians who were the first in their fields. Each day during Black History Month, we will celebrate athletes, artists, business leaders, civil rights activists, educators, physicians and politicians.

 

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